WOMEN AND THEIR NUTRITIONAL NEEDS

MARYAM WARIS 

(NUTRITIONIST)

Trying to balance the stress of family and work or college and dealing with media pressure to appear and eat an exact means will build it troublesome for any lady to take care of a healthy diet. However the proper food cannot only support your mood, boost your energy, and assist you maintain a healthy weight, it may be an enormous support through the various stages in a very woman’s life. As youngsters boys’ and girls’ dietary desires are for the most part similar, however, once puberty begins, women begin to develop unique nutritional requirements. And as we tend to age and our bodies undergo a lot of physical and hormonal changes, thus our nutritional needs still evolve, creating it vital that our diets evolve to fulfill these changing needs. Whereas women tend to need fewer calories than men, our requirements for certain vitamins and minerals are much higher. Hormonal changes associated with menstruation, childbearing, and menopause mean that women have a higher risk of anemia, weakened bones, and osteoporosis, requiring a higher intake of nutrients such as iron,  calcium, magnesium, vitamin D, and vitamin B9

Healthy eating could be a means of eating that improves your health and helps stop unwellness. It means that selecting different types of healthy food from all of the food groups (fruits, vegetables, grains, dairy, and proteins) most of the time within the correct amounts for you. Healthy eating means that obtaining nutrients, primarily from food instead of from vitamins or different supplements. Healthy eating conjointly means that not eating plenty of foods with additional sugar, sodium (salt), and saturated and trans fats. Some women may would like vitamins, minerals or different supplements at bound times in life like before or throughout pregnancy. However, most women, most of the time, should  get their essential nutrients from what they eat and drink

Calories: Most times, women need fewer calories. That’s because women naturally have less muscle, a lot of body fat, and are usually smaller. On average, adult women would like between 1,600 and 2,000 calories each day. Women who are more physically active may need more calories 

Vitamins and minerals: Calcium, iron, and folic acid are significantly vital for ladies

Reproductive health: Women have totally different nutritional needs  throughout the different stages of life, like throughout pregnancy  and breastfeeding or after menopause 

Health issues: Women are more likely to have some health problems related to nutrition, such as celiac disease and lactose intolerance, and vitamin and mineral deficiencies, such as iron-deficiency anemia

Metabolism: Women process some substances differently and burn fewer calories at rest and during exercise than men usually do

:Eating Right

Nutrient-rich foods provide energy for women’s busy lives and facilitate to scale back the danger of unwellness. A healthy eating set up often includes

Women have some unique nutritional needs, including needing more of certain vitamins and minerals during pregnancy or after menopause

Six to eleven servings of whole grains like whole-grain bread, flour, grain cereal flakes, grain food, rice or oats

Three servings of low-fat or fat-free dairy products including milk, yoghurt or cheese; or calcium-fortified plant-based alternatives

Five to Five-and-a-half ounce equivalents of protein like lean meat, poultry, seafood, eggs, beans, lentils, tofu, nuts and seeds

Three to four cups of fruits – fresh, frozen or canned while not additional sugar

Four cups of colorful vegetables – fresh, frozen or canned while not additional salt

Iron-rich Foods: Iron is one amongst the keys to health and energy levels in women before menopause. Foods that offer iron include red meat, chicken, turkey, pork, fish, kale, spinach, beans, lentils and a few fortified ready-to-eat cereals. Plant-based sources of iron are more simply absorbed by your body once eaten with food rich with vitamin C. Thus eat fortified cereal with strawberries on top, a spinach dish with mandarin orange slices or add tomatoes to lentil soup

Folic Acid (Folate) during the reproductive Years: When women reach childbearing age, they have to eat enough folic acid to assist decrease the risk of birth defects. The requirement of folic acid for women who aren’t pregnant is four hundred micrograms (mcg) per day. Together with adequate amounts of foods that naturally contain folic acid, like citrus fruits, leafy greens, beans and peas, can facilitate increased your intake of  vitamin B. There are also several foods that are fortified with folic acid, like breakfast cereals, some rices and breads. Eating a variety of foods is suggested to assist meet minimum nutrient needs, however a dietary supplement with folic acid conjointly could also be necessary. This is especially true for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, since their daily need for folic acid is higher, 600 mcg and 500 mcg per day, respectively. Be sure to check with your physician or a registered dietitian nutritionist before taking any supplements

Daily Calcium and Vitamin D Requirements: For healthy bones and teeth, women got to eat a variety of calcium-rich foods a day. Calcium keeps bones strong and helps to scale back the risk for osteoporosis, a bone unwellness during which the bones become weak and break simply. Some calcium-rich foods include low-fat or fat free milk, yoghurt and cheese, sardines, tofu (if made with calcium sulfate) and calcium-fortified foods together with plant-based milk alternatives, juices and cereals. Adequate amounts of vitamin D also are important, and the need for both calcium and vitamin D increases as women get older. Good sources of vitamin D include fatty fish, such as salmon, eggs and fortified foods and beverages, such as milk, plant-based milk alternatives, some yogurts and juices

Balancing Calories by Activities: Since women usually have less muscle, a lot of body fat and are smaller than men, they have fewer calories to maintain a healthy weight and activity level. Women who are more physically active could need a lot of calories. Physical activity is an important part of a woman’s health. Regular activity helps with muscle strength, balance, flexibility and stress management

                                 

You might also like

Leave A Reply

Leave Your Comments for this Post